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ANT =AMEISEARINKOEMMETFOURMISFORMICAFURNICAHANGYAHORMIGAJENJOLAKARINCALANGGAMMAURMIAMMELMIERMRAVECMRAVENECMROWKA... AA...=MUURAHAINENMYRAMYRERMYRMICANIMLASIPELGAS...SISIMIZE

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"Insectes sociaux", : -2007 2008, -2007 2008


25-03-2009 


Formica rufa.
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John D. Styrsky* and Micky D. Eubanks
E-mail: styrsky.j@lynchburg.edu

Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
* - Author and address for correspondence: School of Sciences, Lynchburg College, Lynchburg, VA 24501, USA


Ecological consequences of interactions between ants and honeydew-producing insects



"Proc Biol Sci.", 2007, Volume 274 (1607), pp. 151164
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

 

      8.

      "-, " , - , - . , . Whether because they are assumed, ignored, dismissed or simply overlooked, the ecological consequences of anthemipteran interactions and their importance in arthropod communities remain poorly understood. Interactions between ants and honeydew-producing hemipterans are abundant and widespread in arthropod food webs and have potentially broad ecological effects, because the presence of honeydew-producing hemipterans dramatically alters the abundance and predatory behaviour of ants on plants. Future studies should focus on the ecological factors that influence the consequences of anthemipteran interactions to provide greater insight into the role of positive species interactions in food web dynamics and greater predictability of the direct and indirect effects of herbivores and natural enemies on host plants. Such predictability could substantially benefit biological control in agricultural systems with ants and honeydew-producing hemipterans. Finally, we encourage a more concerted effort to study the consequences of anthemipteran interactions involving invasive ants on arthropod communities and host plants and to make comparisons with native ants. , , ; , .


Formica rufa.
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